The cuticle and nail folds together constitute the three-sided protection of skin around the free edge (nail tip) of the nail plate.
Nail abnormalities are common, affecting the shape, thickness, or color of the nails.
Chronic paronychia is an inflammatory disorder of the nail folds of a toe or finger presenting as redness, tenderness, and swelling.
A biopsy is the main way doctors diagnose most types of cancer. Other tests can suggest that cancer is present, but only a biopsy can make a diagnosis.
Nail-fold swelling and large pus-filled lesions are typical of a bacterial paronychia
Nail discoloration, in which the nails appear white, yellow, or green, can result from different infections and conditions of the skin.
The spectrum of nail disorders that result from underlying atopic dermatitis (AD) is wide and has been reported in several studies, but there has been no systematic review so far..
This review of the surgical anatomy of the nail unit discusses normal anatomy with an emphasis on those aspects necessary to perform surgery
Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the toenails or fingernails that may involve any component of the nail unit, including the matrix, bed, or plate.
The normal nail histology is first described in this paper. The pathologic aspects of melanocytic lesions, nonmelanocytic tumors of the nail apparatus,